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Music of the Lands

This, traveller, is our humble auditorium. Oftentimes during the moons between first green and harvest, we board wandering troupes in exchange for news and a twice daily performance. However, during the harsher moons, few actors travel and we must rely on simple minstrels to entertain the weary souls that darken our doors. Depending on the moods of the house, different melodies prevail. See them here:

jukebox screen

Listing

Information

A. Village -An instrumental piece from the Glogauer Liederbuch (songbook)

??

B. Grove - "Summer is Icumen In", from an anonymous source, circa 1310. This happy round celebrating summer is the most famous of all melodies from the Middle Ages.

Filename: icumen.mid [4 K]
Source: Internet Renaissance Band
Seq. Author: Curtis Clark
Comment: "Sumer is icumen in". Traditional, © 1995 by Curtis Clark, free for personal use. Thanks flirbnic and Mary-Lou

Filename: sumeris.mid [1 K]
Source: Medieval Melodies for Filking
Seq. Author: Laura McKinstry
Comment: tempo is slow; sheet music. Thanks Matt

Filename: sumeris4.mid [1 K]
Source: Medieval Melodies for Filking
Seq. Author: Laura McKinstry
Comment: tempo is slow; sheet music. Thanks Matt

C. University - Based on a salterello, a 14th century jumping dance

Filename: saltar.mid [10 K]
Source: midiworld.com
Seq. Author: Júlio Feliz
Comment: Saltarello, anonymous (13 Century C.E.)

Filename: salt.mid [7 K]
Source: midiworld.com
Seq. Author: Júlio Feliz
Comment: Saltarello, anonymous (14 Century CE). Thanks Francis

Filename: saltare2.mid [5 K]
Source: Internet Renaissance Band
Seq. Author: Curtis Clark
Comment:Traditional, © 1995 by Curtis Clark, free for personal use. Thanks Matt

Filename: saltare3.mid [4 K]
Source: Internet Renaissance Band
Seq. Author: Curtis Clark
Comment: Traditional, © 1995 by Curtis Clark, free for personal use. Thanks Matt

D. Marketplace - Based on an anonymous 3 part motet ??
E. Inn 1 - Lute arrangement of an anonymous 15th century madrigal ??

F. Inn 2 - "Mit ganczem Willem" by Conrad Paumann, circa 1452

Filename: paumann.mid [2 K]
Source: The Classical Archives
Seq. Author: David Cooke
Comment: "Mit ganczem Willen" by Conrad Paumann, 1452; public domain file sequenced by David Cooke. Thanks flirbnic

G. Craft District - Based on an anonymous troubador tune ??

H. Big Victory - Based on "Reis glorios", by Guiraut de Bornelh, circa 10th C

Filename: alba.mid [3 K]
Source: midiworld.com
Seq. Author: David Cooke
Comment: public domain file; lyrics. Thanks flirbnic

I. Camping - Based on "Reis glorios", by Guiraut de Bornelh, circa 10th Century AD. Auburn University English Professor Craig E. Bertolet posted a translation of lyrics from Provincial French to modern English.

Filename: reisgl3.mid [1 K]
Source: Medieval Melodies for Filking
Seq. Author: Laura McKinstry
Comment: tempo is slow; sheet music. Thanks Matt

Filename: reisglor.mid [1 K]
Source: Medieval Melodies for Filking
Seq. Author: Laura McKinstry
Comment: tempo is slow; sheet music. Thanks Matt

J. Travel 1 - Based on an anonymous medieval isorythmic motet ??

K. Travel 2 - Based on "L'homme Arme" (The Armed Man), by Guillaume Dufay

Filename: lhomme.mid [1 K]
Source: Medieval Melodies for Filking
Seq. Author: Laura McKinstry
Comment: tempo is slow; sheet music.

Filename: hommemix.zip [4.08 M]
Source: bart.overclocked.org
Author: Jeffery L. Briggs
Comment: This is a remix of L'homme Arme in a Tribal/Orchestral theme.

L. Religious - "Veni Creator Spiritus", a Gregorian Chant by Heinrich Finck. Several sites feature information and lyrics on this well-known hymm: New Advent, Claves Regni, Treasury of Latin Prayers, Catholic Community Forum, Domestic-Church.com, Concordia Theological Seminary, St. Charles Borromeo Catcholic Church.

Filename: venicrea.mid [2 K]/ vencreat.mid [2 K]
Source: unknown
Seq. Author: unknown
Comment: These sequences are from compositions much later than Finck, and are much faster in tempo and higher in pitch than the Darklands version. Thanks Matt

Filename: veni.aiff [361 K]
Source: ECM Records
Author: Perotin
Comment: This is a low-fi version of the chant. A hi-fi version is available from the website.

Filename: veni-c.mid [6 K]
Source: chant MIDI files
Seq. Author: Richard Lee
Comment: (with organum); mode 8 Hymn; Pentecost. Thanks Matt

Filename: kommgott.mid [6 K]
Source: hymms, Gospel Songs...
Seq. Author: Frank Petersohn
Comment: lyrics

M. Shell Game - Based on an anonymous medieval caccia (round)

??

N. Grove at Night - Original lute improvisation

??

O. Fortress - Based on an anonymous medieval isorythmic motet

??

P. Town Square - Based on an anonymous medieval isorythmic motet

??

Q. Lament - "Tristan's Lament", from 14th century

Filename: lamntris.mid [5 K]
Source: Internet Renaissance Band
Seq. Author: Curtis Clark
Comment: "Lamento de Tristana", Anon. 14th C., © 1996 by Curtis Clark, free for personal use. Thanks Matt
R. Dungeon - Based on an old motet by Guillaume Dufay ??

Additional Information

Biographical Information

de Bornelh, Guiraut (c.1138 - c.1215)

DuFay, Guillaume (c.1400 - 1474)

Finck, Heinrich (c.1445 - 1527)

Paumann, Konrad (c.1410 - 1473)

  • Giorgio Migliavacca offers insights into Konrad Paumann, as well as several of his prominent contemporaries

Terms

chant - The name is often taken as synonymous with plain chant (q.v.), comprising not only the Church music of the early Middle Ages, but also later compositions (elaborate melodies for the Ordinary of the Mass, sequences, etc.) written in a similar style down to the sixteenth century and even in modern times. In a stricter sense Gregorian chant means that Roman form of early plain chant. source: New Advent

isorhythmic - Term coined to refer to the periodic repetition or recurrence of rhythmic patterns in 14th- and early 15th-century motets. The tenors even of early 13th-century clausulais and motets were characterized by reiterated rhythmic figures, but the larger proportions of the 14th-century motet, typified by the works of Vitry and Machaut, demanded at least some degree of similar organization in the upper voices too, to emphasize the structure. Repetitions of the pitch content (color) of the tenors of such works do not necessarily coincide with those of the rhythmic unit (talea). Some English Gloria and Credo settings from the later 14th and early 15th centuries also use isorhythm. source: The Classical Music Pages

liederbuch - german for "songbook" (lied means "song" and buch means "book"). The Glogauer Liederbuch was a German MS song collection of c.1480, the first to be written out in partbooks. The Lieder, in 3 or 4 parts, are equally divided between sacred and secular texts, and there is also a quantity of pieces apparently for instrumental ensemble -- perhaps the earliest such collection to survive. source: Here of a Sunday Morning

lute - plucked, stringed musical instrument popular in 16th- and 17th-century Europe. The lute that was prominent in European popular art and music of the Renaissance and Baroque periods originated as the Arab 'ud. This instrument was brought to Europe in the 13th century by way of Spain and by returning crusaders and is still played in Arab countries. source: britannica.com

madrigal - name for two different forms of Italian music, one related to the poetic madrigal in the 14th cent., the other the most common form of secular vocal music in the 16th cent. The poetic madrigal is a lyric consisting of one to four strophes of three lines followed by a two-line strophe called a ritornello. source: infoplease.com

motet - One of the most important forms of polyphonic music from circa 1250 to 1750. It originated in the 13th century in the practice of adding words to the upper voice or voices of a Clausula, with a plainchant tenor ('motet' derives from the French mot, 'word'). Sometimes two upper voices had different words. At first Latin texts, mainly concerning the Virgin, were used, but French secular texts became common as the motet shed its connection with church and liturgy. source: The Classical Music Pages

round - short vocal composition in which all voice parts sing the same melody at the same pitch, but each part enters at a given number of beats after the previous voice so that the melody imitates itself. The round is thus a form of canon. Most rounds are circular canons; that is, they are written so that the piece can be repeated endlessly until the singers agree to stop. A catch is the 17th- and 18th-century English round, typically with a humorous or punning text. source: MSN Encarta

saltarello - a fast Italian dance in 6/8 time. source: Enjoy the Music

troubador - aristocratic poet-musicians of S France (Provence) who flourished from the end of the 11th cent. through the 13th cent. Many troubadours were noblemen and crusader knights. source: Encyclopedia.com

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